EXCLUSIVE: Mbeki provokes the ire of Zimbabwean opposition

Harare - Former president Thabo Mbeki has provoked the ire of Zimbabwean opposition parties after he claimed that the British regime change policy on Zimbabwe was not for the benefit of the local majority but for the welfare of its "kith and kin".

Thabo Mbeki

Mbeki said during a more than two-hour interview with Gauteng-based radio station Power FM on Thursday last week that Britain’s criticism of South Africa for its “quiet diplomacy” on Zimbabwe was part of London’s regime change strategy on Harare.

Mbeki was appointed by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to broker a political deal that resulted in the formation of a unity government between President Robert Mugabe and former prime minister Morgan Tsvangirai in 2009 following disputed elections in 2008.

Mbeki maintained that the stance taken by South Africa on Zimbabwe during that time was to allow the country to solve its own problems.

Said Mbeki: “So you are not surprised when the UK continues to pay this particular attention to Zimbabwe. Their paying attention to Zimbabwe is not because they are interested in the future of Zimbabwe, but because they are interested in the welfare of their kith and kin. That’s what drove the British policy in Zimbabwe.”

Mbeki said alongside South Africa, Algeria and Kenya, Zimbabwe still had a larger number of white Europeans who remained in the country.

Human rights abuses 

“You still had a significant number of white people in Zimbabwe after independence. Part of the argument used by (former UK Prime Minister) Margaret Thatcher when she was against the imposition of sanctions against the (Ian) Smith regime was that ‘we have a lot of kith and kin in Zimbabwe. If we impose sanctions which actually work, you will then get half a million or quarter of Zimbabweans or whatever emigrating to England and suddenly we will be landed with a large refugee population coming from Zimbabwe (then Rhodesia)’.

“That was Margaret Thatcher’s argument. ‘And we don’t want to do that and therefore that is why we don’t want to impose sanctions.'”

Following disputed elections in Zimbabwe in 2000 and alleged human rights abuses by the Mugabe administration, the West imposed sanctions on the nonagenarian and his inner circle.

The former South African president’s remarks drew criticism from Tsvangirai’s main opposition Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) party that said that Mbeki was diverting from the real issues affecting Zimbabwe.

MDC vice president Nelson Chamisa told News24 that Mbeki was “burying his head in the sand”, adding that the British were only buttressing what the majority of Zimbabweans want.


“Mr Mbeki is burying his head in the sand by ignoring the fact that the problem in Zimbabwe is Mugabe and not the British. You cannot expect to get an answer from a wrong question and what we have in Zimbabwe is a dictator in the name of Mugabe who has failed to run the affairs of the country, hence, we are saying there has to be change to meet the clearly looming obstacle,” said Chamisa.

“Mr Mbeki has failed to correct Mugabe; any responsible African should be able to tell leaders where they are wrong instead of shying away from real problems.”

Mbeki also drew criticism from Mugabe’s former deputy Joice Mujuru’s National People’s Party (NPP).

NPP secretary general Gift Nyandoro said Mbeki’s view was a misplaced assumption.

“The British have nothing to do with rampant corruption and nepotism that Zanu-PF specialises in. For Mbeki’s information, nothing has been left of Zimbabwe, rather the white commercial farmers who once made Zimbabwe a bread-basket have moved to other countries in southern Africa where their expertise are doing wonders to countries like Zambia and South Africa,” said Nyandoro.

The NPP top official said Mbeki’s remarks were “deliberately and recklessly calculated to ensure Zimbabwe’s continued suffering since his country of birth South Africa was immensely benefitting the Mugabe regime’s self-inflicted problems of misgovernance”.

Bankruptcy of African statesmanship

Added Nyandoro: “Mbeki remains the chief architect of the doomed Global Political Agreement which he engineered to ensure Mugabe’s survival since it is only Mugabe’s failed leadership in perpetuity that would guarantee South Africa’s continued benefitting from Zimbabwe’s human capital and business opportunities.

Mujuru’s lieutenant said Mbeki’s utterances were a negation of the revolutionary ideals for what South Africa stood for when South Africans fought apartheid.

“It only demonstrates the bankruptcy of African statesmanship that lacks the spine to tell a fellow African leader the truth.”

Political Analyst and Director of the Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition, Memory Kadau, said it was unfortunate that Mbeki continued to shy away from the fact that there was dictatorship in Zimbabwe.

Mbeki is ‘wrong on Zimbabwe’

“President Mbeki is a solid statesman and his love for Africa and its people is uncontested. He is, however, wrong on Zimbabwe, he continues to shy away from the fact that there is a dictatorship in Zimbabwe, said Kadau.

He added: “Since 2009 when he brokered the Global Political Agreement  (GPA), which  brought temporal solutions to the Zimbabwean crises. His quiet diplomacy foreign policy on Zimbabwe during his presidency remains partly to blame for the continued crisis, Zimbabwe could have resolved ages ago, had he chosen a harder stance.

“The Zimbabwean issue can not be and is not solely a British interests issue. It is a national crisis requiring regional and international solutions. Zimbabweans continue to ask whose interests was he protecting and continue to protect? Thousands who died during the 2008 presidential runoff and millions that continue to seek refugee at his doorstep are telling of an impeding catastrophe.

“The welfare and aspirations of Zimbabweans are far much more important than those of the political elite.”

British ambassador to Zimbabwe, Catriona Laing, was not immediately available for comment.

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  • David Barber

    The British (as well as China) have played a major part in keeping Mugabe and ZANU-PF in power, through their aid and loans.

    Dictators must have money to stay in power and, if they can’t get it, they soon lose power. In 2015, the West and China added 37% to Mugabe’s income. This has risen to a staggering 80% in 2016-2018.

    To that, you must add all the expenditure from Western NGOs in Zimbabwe. If that isn’t the West and China helping a vicious regime to keep power, what is?

    Yes, the regime is corrupt, but that is the whole point: the West and China know exactly how corrupt he is, yet they keep feeding him the means to be corrupt.

    Had all foreign aid & loans stopped, Zimbabwean citizens would have got into a far worse state than they have, they would have become fed up with it, and been much more effective in forcing Mugabe from power.

    • Patrick Guramatunhu

      Still we had the golden opportunity to end the Zanu PF dictatorship, all MDC needed to do was implement the democratic reforms. Why did we fail to get even one reform implemented?

      • David Barber

        Good point, Patrick. I’m guessing, but this is not a democracy and I suspect Mugabe may have blocked all attempts at election reform?

        The fear is that even if the reforms were implemented, Mugabe and ZANU-PF would not accept defeat at the polls – they haven’t before. Usually the only way to remove dictators has been either armed insurrection – which no one wants – or a peaceful mass movement of citizens making government impossible.

        If Zimbabweans did this, they would not have to wait until next year’s elections to get rid of Mugabe. So I cannot understand why everyone who is anti-Mugabe is not working now to this end.

  • David Barber

    In his professional capacity, Memory Kadau should already know exactly how to get rid of dictators, and it is not to apportion even partial blame to anyone outside Zimbabwe. Every country is at risk of bad rulers, and the only important
    thing is: what have the citizens themselves done about removing them?

    ‘Regional and international solutions’ are not required. Zimbabweans need to recognise that the solution lies in their own hands. Mugabe is still in power only because the people who oppose him have not done what needs to be
    done to get rid of him – and that is not only the opposition parties but every campaigner and group and organisation that opposes him. As soon as they stop blaming everyone else and accept personal responsibility for their share of the
    failure, the right solutions will soon be found.

  • Patrick Guramatunhu

    “The Zimbabwean issue cannot be and is not solely a British interests issue. It is a national crisis requiring regional and international solutions. Zimbabweans continue to ask whose interests was he protecting and continue to protect? Thousands who died during the 2008 presidential runoff and millions that continue to seek refuge at his doorstep are telling of an impending catastrophe,” said Memory Kadau of Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition.

    Whilst I agree that the Zimbabwe crisis was not resolved by the GNU and that it is now an “impending catastrophe”. Still I have yet to hear what exactly Kadau wanted President Mbeki to do. In my humble opinion the GNU failed to deliver the promise of free and fair elections because MDC failed to get any reforms implemented.

    Kadau should come out in the open tell us what makes him believe President Mbeki was protecting some interests at the time or since! One must never make such character assassination innuendos especially when it totally unfounded.

    It is no secret that Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition has supported MDC in the past even when the party has blundered from pillar to post. Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition has yet to admit that MDC failed to implement even one reform during GNU much less admit the consequences of the said failure. Why that is so is a complete mystery given the mountain of evidence!

    We need to move on as a nation and start holding our leaders to account and not follow blindly like sheep to the slaughter!

    • David Barber

      I absolutely agree with you, Patrick. Wasting time and effort on apportioning blame for Mugabe still being in power is clouding the issue and irrelevant, and Memory Kadau in his official capacity should know that. He should also have learnt from history what the only solution to dictators like Mugabe is.

      If he really wants to apportion blame, he should look at his own organisation Crisis in Zimbabwe Coalition, because all its members should have set out to educate Zimbabwean citizens and all organisations opposed to Mugabe in what that solution is. Because they haven’t done that, Mugabe is still in power. So it’s their fault as much as anyone else’s.

      If every individual and organisation accepts personal responsibility in the same way, Mugabe will soon go.

      They have also made a huge mistake in not requiring the opposition political parties to ‘use Agenda 2063 as a basis for preparing their political
      manifestos’, as the AU has asked everyone to do.