At the UN Millennium Summit in Sept 2000, in New York, world leaders pledged to promote gender equality and the empowerment of women as effective ways to combat poverty, hunger and disease to stimulate development that is truly sustainable. Several goals were adopted including that of gender equality. Since then the number of women in leadership positions has risen dramatically.
Rwanda, a country still recovering from the 1994 Genocide, has an unprecedented number of women in parliament. In South Africa and Mozambique, women hold a significant number of seats in parliament. In Uganda, Beatrice Kiraso was elected to parliament as way back as 1986. This gave women confidence in other women, thus opening even more avenues. In South Africa and Zimbabwe, women played a key role in the national liberation struggle and today in RSA, are benefiting from a quota system adopted by the ANC.
In Southern Africa, the SADC protocol was adopted encouraging a quota system for women.
Three systems are worth a mention.
Constitutional Quotas countries like Uganda have constitutional provision reserving seats in the national parliament for women.
Election Law Quotas in countries like Sudan, provisions are written into the national legislation.
Political Party Quotas – in countries like South Africa parties adopt internal rules to include a certain percentage of women as candidates for office. (Africa Recovery, Volume 18, 2004)
While this addresses the issue of gender equality in decision-making, the practice often lacks support from important political actors as well as those with cultural beliefs who fear it would discriminate against men.
One Swedish parliamentarian once said that political parties, the education system, non-governmental organisations, trade unions and churches, must take responsibility within their own spheres to systematically promote womens participation from the bottom upwards.
The case of Zimbabwe is of much interest to me as a Zimbabwean woman eager to see justice and democracy for my country. The economic and political crisis in Zimbabwe is well documented and well covered in international media. Solutions and new players are being sought.
What is clear is that the economic crisis has hit women hardest. Women and children have watched helplessly as male politicians mastered the art of plundering and economic destruction.
Zimbabwe has never had a woman at the helm of the Ministry of Finance or as the Governor of the Reserve Bank. Although it is not clear what could have happened if women had been at the centre of economic decision-making in Zimbabwe. The former Nigerian minister of finance (now at the World Bank) is renowned for her ability to stabilise and eliminate corruption.
One may be tempted to believe that not enough women are qualified enough to participate at high level. This of course is just a myth. What has lacked in Zimbabwe has been the ability by those in political power to make room for women.
Zimbabwe in particular has a huge pool of women who are intellectually and practically qualified to be on the high table of decision making.
Zimbabwe needs all of us to take the initiative and craft lasting solutions. Women who are willing and able should be allowed to participate in national politics without prejudice.
It is therefore encouraging to see parties like the recently revived Zimbabwe African Peoples Union (ZAPU) embracing women in the walk to bring recovery to a country brought to its knees by those who are selfish.
The main responsibility falls on us women to stand up and be counted and be involved in bringing peace and prosperity to our country. They say behind every mans success there is always a powerful woman. Let us stand by our men, not in the shadow but alongside them to make a real difference.
Let me leave my fellow country people to reflect on the following words by Joan Kirner at the Women into Power conference, Adelaide (1994):
“There is no such thing as being non-political. Just by making a decision to stay out of politics you are making the decision to allow others to shape politics and exert power over you. And if you are alienated from the current political system, then just by staying out of it you do nothing to change it, you simply entrench it.” – Fari Zhou is a London-based financial accountant and a member of ZAPU. She writes on her personal behalf. She can be reached on [email protected]Post published in: Opinions