Rampant corruption in the mining sector

The world over there is a global recognition that the extractive sector is heavily exposed to corruption risks. The Transparency International Bribe Payers Index 2011 confirmed that the mining sector is perceived to be the most likely to pay bribes, after oil and gas, real estate, utilities and public works and construction. Realizing this, Transparency International Zimbabwe (TI-Z) took a keen interest in understanding the state of corruption in the mining sector in Zimbabwe.

This interest was further motivated by the increase in reports of corruption in the mining sector and findings from the media and research studies by local and international organizations such as the Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association (ZELA) and Global Witness. All these studies confirmed that the country`s mining sector has been punctuated by corruption, lack of transparency and accountability in revenue generation and distribution.

As such TI-Z undertook an investigative study on factors fuelling corruption in the mining sector. Central to this paper is the theme on how power in its various forms and manifestations (political, bureaucratic and financial) is fuelling mineral related corruption. This paper locates the root cause of mineral related corruption which is fueled by power dynamics a in the strained policy, legal and institutional framework governing mining in Zimbabwe.

This publication is part of TI-Z's Journal and Working Paper series and can be be downloaded from the following link http://www.transparency.org.zw/index.php/media-centre/alac-publications

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