- Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa will renegotiate power import deals with Mozambique and Zambia.
- The majority of Zimbabwe’s power needs stem from within the mining sector.
- The Southern Africa Power Pool is not fully operational because some member states are not active on the universal power grid.
Mnangagwa’s trips come at a time when South Africa, which is undergoing an electricity crisis, seeks to replace Zimbabwe as an importer of electricity from Mozambique and Zambia.
“This week I am paying a working visit to Mozambique. In the coming weeks I am likely to meet president [Hakainde] Hichilema of Zambia in Livingstone. Both sister countries supply us with power,” Mnangagwa wrote in his weekly column in the state media.
Mnangagwa noted that most of Zimbabwe’s power needs are from the mining sector.
“Even more unsettling is the fact that the bulk of the power demand is coming from the mining sector, including from projects for key minerals like gold, platinum, chrome, coal, diamonds, and lithium,” he said.
Zimbabwe’s contracts with Mozambique’s Electricidade de Mocambique and Zambia’s Zesco were due to expire at the end of July. What makes the situation precarious for the renewal is that the country struggles to pay its monthly obligation of $6.3 million (R104 million) to Zesco for the imported power.
Sydney Gata, chairperson of the Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority, warned that Zimbabwe “will stand to lose heavily as these contracts are long-term and at a competitive price”.
Fears raised by Gata are that Eskom could sign longer deals with Zesco and keep Zimbabwe out of the picture for many years to come.
Southern Africa Power Pool
In 1995, Southern African Development Community (SADC) member states formed the Southern African Power Pool (SAPP), which is Africa’s first formally advanced power pool.
However, while there are many problems, the biggest hurdle is transmission across the region because some member states are not active on the universal power grid. As such, a lot of power goes to waste.
Power generation experts say SADC produces enough electricity to reduce power shortages, but the distribution aspect of the business lags.
Countries such as Angola, Malawi and Tanzania have not connected to the SAPP grid, hence the shortcomings in transmission because they can’t share surplus energy with the rest of the region.
The Africa Progress Report 2015 on electricity access underpins the importance of countries working together for power generation, but at the moment any new power generation capacity projects in Tanzania, Malawi and Angola aren’t accessible to the rest of the SAPP member states.