Johnson-Sirleaf devoted her speech, a week before Mandela’s 90th birthday, to painting an optimistic picture of Africa’s future.But she said she cannot ignore current troubles, and that it is her duty to “express my solidarity with the people of Zimbabwe, as they search for solutions to the crisis in their country”. The remark earned applause from Mandela and a crowd of several hundred gathered in a community hall in Soweto.
Johnson-Sirleaf acknowledged Liberia is far from Southern Africa, and does not share this region’s history of British colonial rule.”But I am, I hope, part of the new Africa; an Africa rooted in many of the values demonstrated by you, President Mandela,” she said. “In that Africa, all Africans have a responsibility for our collective future. It is, therefore, my and our responsibility to speak out against injustice everywhere.”
She offered her own country as a cautionary example.”In 1985, Liberia held a sham election that was endorsed by Africa and the world,” she said. “Thirty years of civil war and devastation followed, with thousands dead and millions displaced. It need not have happened.”
Opposition to Zimbabwe
Johnson-Sirleaf was among the few voices at a recent African Union summit denouncing a June 27 presidential run-off in Zimbabwe that followed months of brutal attacks on opposition supporters. Zimbabwean opposition leader Morgan Tsvangirai withdrew from the run-off because of the violence, but President Robert Mugabe went ahead, and claimed overwhelming victory.
The Liberian leader also had come out in support of United Nations sanctions the United States had proposed in part to force Mugabe to negotiate a power-sharing agreement with Tsvangirai. The sanctions were vetoed by Russia and China when put to a vote on Friday before the UN Security Council.
Johnson-Sirleaf did not comment on Saturday on the UN vote.Her speech, with its mixture of hope and pragmatism, brought the crowd to its feet, inspiring not only applause but also a few verses of a traditional song: “Let the name of women be praised.”
Johnson-Sirleaf is the first woman elected president on the continent. The 69-year-old former World Bank official also is widely hailed as among a new crop of African leaders committed to democratic and economic reform.
Mandela, who addressed the crowd only briefly, called Johnson-Sirleaf “an inspiring example to Africa and the world”.
He also joked that the annual lecture — in the past given by Nobel Peace Prize laureates Kofi Annan, Wangari Maathai and Desmond Tutu, as well as former US president Bill Clinton and current South African President Thabo Mbeki — drew luminaries “principally to see what an old man looks like”.
Johnson-Sirleaf titled Saturday’s speech Behold the New Africa, and said that despite setbacks in Zimbabwe and elsewhere, she believes the continent is overcoming dictatorship and poverty. She cited economic growth averaging 5% in recent years, the relief of the foreign debt burden many countries have faced, and political change.
“It is hard to predict the future and the change will not be easy or smooth in every country,” she said. “But never before in world history have so many low-income countries become democracies in so short a period of time.”
She put the burden for continued reform on Africans themselves, citing fighting corruption and mismanagement as key.
“It is our firm conviction that Africa and indeed Liberia is not poor, but rather it has been poorly managed,” she said. “Corruption, exploitation and the misuse of Africa’s resources are central to the inability of African governments to … respond to the need of the African people.”
The community hall where Johnson-Sirleaf and Mandela spoke on Saturday was built on the site where white and black South Africans gathered in 1955 and, before apartheid police broke up the meeting, adopted the Freedom Charter, pledging to fight for multiracial democracy.
Four decades later, post-apartheid South Africa borrowed the Freedom Charter’s declaration that the country “belongs to all who live in it” for the preamble to a new Constitution.
Johnson-Sirleaf called the Freedom Charter “a bold development manifesto”, and said she and others across the continent intent on reform have been inspired by Mandela and other South Africans.
Turning to Mandela, she said: “If some day I am remembered as one of the many dreamers who came in your wake, who, unable to fill your shoes, walked in your shadow to build a new Africa, then I can think of no better place to be in history.” — Sapa-AP