The six pro-democracy campaigners who include University of Zimbabwe lecturer, Munyaradzi Gwisai,
Hopewell Gumbo, Antonater Choto, Tatenda Mombeyarara, Edson Chakuma, and Welcome
Zimuto were convicted in March 2012 by Harare Magistrate Kudakwashe Jarabini and sentenced to
serve two years in jail, but the sentence was suspended for five years.
During trial, prosecutors claimed that Gwisai, Gumbo, Choto, Mombeyarara, Chakuma and Zimuto
conspired to commit public violence as defined in section 188 as read with section 36 of the Criminal
Law (Codification and Reform) Act, after they were arrested in Harare while watching video footage of
the Arab Spring uprisings.
This compelled their lawyer Alec Muchadehama of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights to file an
appeal in the High Court against both conviction and sentence for conspiring to commit public violence.
On Tuesday 12 June 2018, High Court Judges Justice Charles Hungwe and Justice Neville
Wamambo upheld the pro-democracy activists’ appeal, whose determination had been pending for six
When Gwisai, Gumbo, Choto, Mombeyarara, Chakuma and Zimuto were arrested in February 2011
together with other 39 activists, members of the Zimbabwe Republic Police initially charged them with
treason before the charges were dropped and had alternative charges of inciting violence and
disturbing peace in the country. The state later dropped charges against the other 39 activists before
The pro-democracy campaigners were arrested at a time when the Arab spring citizens embarked on
mass uprisings to topple their governments which they accused of trampling on their rights and looting