Zimbabwe provides first details of new mining royalty policy

Zimbabwe provided the first details of how a new mineral royalty policy will be enforced as the country considers more than doubling spending in 2023 to help revive an economy that exited a recession last year.  

The plan was presented by Zimbabwean finance minister Mthuli Ncube on Thursday. File photo.
Image: Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters


The royalty policy that came into effect in October compels miners to pay half their royalties in minerals and the rest in cash. The plan presented by Zimbabwean finance minister Mthuli Ncube on Thursday breaks down the payment to half in mineral form, 40% in local currency and 10% in foreign currency cash.

“Although traditionally royalties are remitted in cash, it is pertinent the current formulae be reviewed in line with government policy to preserve value and mitigate against revenue loss,” said Ncube.

The southern African nation has vast mineral resources including gold, diamonds and coal deposits. It has the world’s third-largest known platinum deposits after South Africa and Russia. Miners said they will comply with the new policy.

Ncube projects total expenditure will more than double to 4.2-trillion Zimbabwe dollars (about R110bn) in the 2023 budget.

The bulk of funds will be spent on social services and infrastructure projects, with a key focus on the mining, energy and agricultural sectors to stimulate economic growth, he said in a budget presentation to lawmakers at the new Chinese-built parliament in Mount Hampden, 23km north of Harare.

Gross domestic product growth is estimated to slow to 3.8% next year from 4% forecast for 2022, Ncube said.

Economic growth globally is being crimped by tightening financial conditions as central bankers, including Zimbabwe’s, try to temper high inflation, adding to the damage from the war in Ukraine and China’s slowdown. Zimbabwe’s benchmark interest rate is at 200%, while annual inflation is at 269%.

The IMF last month cut its forecast for global growth next year to 2.7% from 2.9% and sees Zimbabwe’s economy expanding at 2.8%.

Other highlights:

  • Ncube expects Z$3.9-trillion in revenue;
  • plans to increase value-added tax to 15% from 14.5% from January 1 2023;
  • allocates Z$76bn  toward next year’s general elections, in which President Emmerson Mnangagwa is seeking re-election;
  • budget deficit to GDP is forecast at 1.5%;
  • to plug the funding gap, the government plans a bond issuance on the Victoria Falls Stock Exchange, and;
  • offers tax relief measures, including cutting an electronic tax levied on US dollar transactions to 2% from 4%

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